Benefits and Efficacy of Castor

Benefits and Efficacy of Castor
Along with the development of an increasingly changing and more modern era, the development of technology is increasingly sophisticated. Can not be separated with so many instant ways that have been done by humans in consuming or choosing drugs that are suitable for him. In ancient times many people used traditional medicines or so-called herbal medicines whose ingredients were made from natural ingredients of plants. To consume it, there is no side effect that is harmful to the body. Along with the development of modern times, traditional medicine or herbs have used it a little, even though the content of Castor plants contains many benefits including:
a. Contains flavonoids and saponins as well as antifungal jatrophies.
b. On the leaves of Castor, kaemfesterol, amirin and acronol compounds are found.
c. Whereas the seeds of Castor plants have been found to contain gulfase which have antifungal, toxalbium and curcin activities which not only have anti-fungal activity, but these chemical contents are also useful as anticancer.
d. Pulp from Castor seeds that have been squeezed, oil containing nitrogen, phosphate and potassium.
e. Castor bark contains tannins, waxes, resins and saponins. Massive cultivation of castor oil bean, from the above benefits it can be concluded that the contents and benefits are also many there are no side effects to use them compared to chemical drugs that are currently being circulated, to further know the benefits of Castor for health:
A. Leucorrhoea in infants, in infants who are breastfeeding there is usually leucorrhea attached to the palate. This causes the baby does not want to breastfeed and his weight tends to rise. To overcome this, you can use Castor sap.
B. Can treat inflammation of the ear, inflammation of the ear can occur because of sudden influenza marked by rising body temperature, pain in the ear, a little deaf and buzzing. To overcome this problem using Castor leaves, then 6 drops into the child's ear.
C. Drugs for cavities, distance gums are anti-microbial so that they can expel bacteria such as staphyloccus, streptococcus and escherechia coli and can be used to treat cavities. To overcome this problem by using distance gums dripped on cotton, then placed on cavities
D. Sprue medicine, how to use it is to take the sap that comes out of the distance stem, then paste it on the bagin affected by canker sores. The more regularly attached, the healing process will be faster too.
E. Overcoming bloating and colds, how to use it is to take a castor leaf and then burn it with fire and do not look charred add a little vegetable oil or telon then stick it on the waist, then later there will be a healing process marked by the disposal of residual gas and substances that are not useful from the stomach
F. Overcoming constipation, how to use it is to take 4 fresh castor leaf leaves because it functions as a mild laxative then wash it clean, then cook or steam the leaves for 7 consecutive times until constipation decreases or disappears.
G. Ulceration, fungus and itching, oil content found in Castor plants can eliminate fungus disorders. How to use it is to apply castor oil on the body affected by ulceration, fungus or itching do in a row so that it changes and recovery
H. Overcoming injuries and bleeding, new bloody wounds can be immediately stopped by Castor sap because they are microbial to drive out infections or bacteria staphyloccus, streptococcus and escherechia coli I. Rheumatism, eczema or itching. To use it, take old, fresh castor leaves and wash them clean, then the leaves are mashed by mashing or other ways, then the leaves are smooth added with water and then smear the leaves that have been refined throughout the body and on the affected parts of eczema. A. Treating cough and thinning phlegm, to use it is to take the roots of the castor plant and then boil it. The cooking water is drunk in the morning and evening. Repeat up to 3 times the new stew replaced with new roots.

Get to know Vermicompost, an Environmentally Friendly Organic Fertilizer

Get to know Vermicompost, an Environmentally Friendly Organic
Fertilizer Recognized or not, our earth, including in the world, of course, is getting older. One example is the fertility of the soil which decreases over time. So that the production of agricultural products is no longer optimum, if reluctantly said to be low. The solution applied to overcome the problem of soil fertility so far, like it or not, is the use of inorganic fertilizers or chemical fertilizers. This factory-made fertilizer must be recognized to be able to boost the production of agricultural products. High and satisfying production.
However, impact of two contrasting vermicomposts on fertility, the use of chemical fertilizers, due to their uncontrolled and excessive application, has harmful effects. Emerging ecological or environmental problems. High pesticide residues have been found in agricultural lands. It is known that there are pesticide residues that have accumulated in food and human life. And then it was also allegedly the impact of pesticide residues on pregnant women and newborns. To overcome this problem, the government, technology experts and institutions concerned with the environment, began to campaign for the use of organic fertilizer.
With the aim to reduce in such a way the use of inorganic fertilizers. One of the most popular organic fertilizer technologies today is Vermicompost. What is Vermicompost? According to Vincensia K, a student of the Biotechnology Faculty of Duta Wacana University in Yogyakarta, Vermes is derived from the Latin language which means worm and vermicomposting is composting with worms. So that vemicompost is a mixture of earthworm droppings (casting) with the rest of the media or feed in the cultivation of earthworms. Simplified vermicompost is an organic fertilizer made with the help of worms. Naturally, this process occurs in nature and almost all types of earthworms can be used to make vermicompost. But there are several types of earthworms that are most widely used today, namely Eiseniafoetida (Tiger Worm) and Lumbricusrubellus (Red Earthworm).
A number of studies have shown the ability of earthworms to decompose various organic wastes, such as animal feces, sludge from sewerage, crop residues and agricultural waste. Even research Yadav et al, 2010, said that vermicomposting can be applied to compost human feces. While the results of Badruzzaman research, D. Z., et al, 2016, show that the mixture of cow feces and rice straw produces optimum vermicompost quality The advantages of vermicompost, noted Vincensia K, are easier, cheaper, shorter time, environmentally friendly, contain nutrients needed by plants such as N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S. Fe, Mn, AI. Na, Cu. Zn, Bo and Mo, have the ability to hold water 40-60%, improve soil structure, neutralize soil pH and source of nutrients for soil microbes. So that microbial decomposers of organic matter will continue to develop and decompose organic matter more quickly. The process of making vermicompost turns out to be very simple.
The materials needed, according to Vincensia K notes, are organic materials such as rice straw, cattle dung (cattle, pigs, buffalo, goats, sheep, chickens, horses and rumen contents) and market and household waste. Good media for vermicompost making are humidity around 50-55%, temperature 30-55oC, pH 5.5-8, aeration (air). To obtain this condition, the media (organic material) before being used as media or feed for earthworms, fermented or allowed to stand for more or less for 2 weeks. If the worm leaves the media, it means that the condition of the media is not suitable for the worm (Vincensia K, 2018).
Vermicompost making process starts from giving worms to the organic material. You must not forget that at the bottom of the container or the place where vermicompost is made, the banana sheath is given as a place for worms to lay eggs. The composting process is terminated after the material becomes crumb and there are tiny oval grains that are actually worm droppings. After that the earthworms are separated by vermicompost. Vermicompost is dried and ready for use. Harvested worms can be used again for the composting process. The composting process depends on the number of worms. The more worms, the faster the composting process.

More land throughout the world is used for organic agriculture

More land throughout the world is used for organic agriculture
According to the Worldwatch Institute, since 1999 the area of organic agricultural land has more than tripled, reaching 37 million hectares. More and more land throughout the world is used for organic agriculture. Worldwatch Institute said, since 1999, this land area had more than tripled, reaching 37 million hectares. Worldwatch Institute researcher Laura Reynolds, one of the authors of a new report on the development of organic agriculture, said, "Organic farming is cultivation without using chemicals, such as pesticides or pest killers and fertilizers. Instead of chemicals, natural techniques are used, such as rotating planting and spreading fertilizers on land and planting plants that will deliver nutrients back to the soil naturally, rather than using chemicals.
The research team at Stanford University last year found no strong evidence that organic food is more nutritious or less risky to health than commonly cultivated food plants. The discovery was based on previous research on organic plants and cultivation and use of land in soil productivity and crop yields. He said, there are advantages to public health and the environment. "Organic agricultural products deliver less pesticides and chemicals into our food, and also to the farmers who grow these crops.
It also provides economic benefits for farmers who grow organically, because they can sell it more expensive if the food crop is given an organic certificate, "he explained. The Worldwatch Institute says most of the Oceania region has organic registered agricultural land - more than 12 million hectares stretching across Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands. Next, Europe with 10 million hectares, followed by Latin America with 8.4 million hectares.
Asia provides 3 million hectares of land for organic agriculture and Africa around one million hectares. Reynolds added, "I agree that organic plants do not change protein content for certain foods, maybe for cereals. That is not the main purpose of growing organically. If we look at the chemical elements and poisons contained in food, there must be a big difference.
So, if we get all of that protein, but we also eat the chemicals it contains, that's the whole picture. My finding is that the report examines a very small element in organic food. The Worldwatch Institute reports that sustainable food production will become increasingly important in developing countries, because most population growth is concentrated in the poorest countries in the world. The study said, America was lagging behind other countries, in carrying out sustainable farming methods. But sales of organic foods in America have risen sharply, reaching 31.5 billion dollars in 2011. To get organic certificates, farmers must keep a tight eye on how they grow. Many bureaucratic restrictions are involved and the process can be expensive.

Causes, Theories, Characteristics and Impacts of Globalization

Causes, Theories, Characteristics and Impacts of Globalization
Understanding Globalization - Globalization is derived from the word Globalization. Global means world while lization means process. In language meaning Globalization is a worldwide process, a process that makes humans open and dependent on each other without time and distance. In the era of globalization which is supported by technological developments, means of transportation and knowledge, a person in a region can find out all kinds of information that is spread in the outside world quickly and easily. Globalization is interpreted as a one-stop world or a world of boundaries. The impact of globalization is beneficial, but on the other hand it is detrimental. It all depends on how we react.
However, it must be remembered that Globalization is different from the term global warming. Experts define the notion of globalization. Some of them include the notion of globalization as follows: Globalization and culture: an interaction, globalization is a global social relationship which is then connected with each other so that between events from different places can also affect other places. (Anthony Giddens), Globalization is the formation of a system of organization and communication between people throughout the world to follow the same system and rules. (Selo Soemardjan). Globalization is the action of a process or policy making that makes something global, both in its scope and its application. (The American Heritage Dictionary).
Simply put, the era of globalization can be understood as an era where the advancement of science, technology and means of transportation that drive human life becomes without limitations. Whether it's geographical or cultural boundaries. An example of globalization in a simple form is that we can find out what information is happening in other parts of the earth. Or we can travel from place to place quickly even though the distance is hundreds or thousands of kilometers. Theory of Globalization, There are several theories of Globalization put forward by experts.
One of them is the theory put forward by Cochrane and Pain which states that there are 3 important main actors in Globalization namely
1. Globalization Theories of Globalists Globalists say that with this globalization will have direct consequences on life throughout the world that there will be a homogeneous cultural attack that will spread throughout the world. Regarding this, positive globalists say that it can make the world community who have a more open mind and tolerant of cultures from outside their own culture, But negative globalists say that it can dilute the original culture of each society and consider it also one of the efforts of the superpowers to colonize other cultures.
2. The Theory of Globalization of Traditionalists in this theory are people who do not consider that Globalization is happening, they assume that the current process is the impact of changes that have occurred since ancient times.
3. Theory of Globalization of the Transformalis is a person who is between globalists and traditionalists, who thinks that it is true that Globalization is happening but is being exaggerated.
4. Other Theories of Globalization The second theory of globalization is mentioned by an expert named George Ritzer who said that the era of globalization was marked by developments in the field of communication such as the emergence of telephone and television and then ended with global public awareness about it.
Characteristics of Globalization, Globalization has several characteristics, including:
1. Changes in the Concept of Spacing and Time With the support of technology in the form of television, smartphones and internet communication can be done quickly. information from one part of the world can be directly known by someone in another world. Progress in the field of transportation also makes distances of hundreds or thousands of kilometers within a few hours or days.
2. Interdependence in the Economy and Trade this is caused by the growth of international trade and also the dominance of organizations such as the WTO or the world trade organization which houses world trade and so on.
3. An Increase in Cultural Interactions Through television and other media, people can gain new knowledge and get to know the diversity that exists in the outside world
4. Increased Joint Problems in the era of globalization, problems that arise in a country can become problems of common concern or the international world, such as human rights, the environment, war crimes that occur in a country.

Most Elements of Tropical and Subtropic Regions

Most Elements of Tropical and Subtropic Regions
Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) belongs to morning-glory family (Oggema et al. 2007 and Mekonnen et al., 2015). It isoften created by tiny scale farmers in marginal soils, victimisation low inputs (Amare et al. 2014). it's a vital staple food crop in most elements of tropical and subtropic regions of the planet (FAO, 2004). it's among the world’s most significant versatile and underutilized food crop big typically for its storage roots (FAO, 2004). Sweet potatoes ar made sources of inhibitor, vitamins A, D and E and mineral components of dietary and health importance (Laban et al., 2015).As a results of the high nutrient contents, its production on giant scale becomes inevitable (Okpara et al., 2011).
Effects of vine cuttings and fertilizer types on sweet potato, yields of sweet potato can be improved by the employment of fine planting materials in terms of nodes variety within the vascular plant cuttings (Essilfie et al. 2016). The numberof nodes on cuttings used as planting material could also be a vital facet of yield variability (Essilfie et al. 2016). Yield of sweet potato can be improved by the employment of fine planting materials that give birth to the next tuber yield.
The increase within the length of the vascular plant cutting used and a length of concerning thirty cm is usually recommended (Essilfie et al. 2016). it absolutely was rumored by Anakweze (2011) that cuttings of bigger length than this have a tendency to be wasteful of planting material, whereas shorter cuttings establish a lot of slowly, and provides poor yields . The application of fertiliser is one in every of the foremost vital input for increasing the productivity of crops (Adediran et al. 2004). Generally, nutrient deficiency has been shown to account for low yields within the production of sweet potato (Njoku et al., 2001 and Okpara et al., 2011).
Despite common low-input cultivation practices, sweet potato shows an outsized yield response to nutrient input application via fertiliser and manure (Agbede and Adekiya, 2010). fertiliser application might additionally increase yield of orange fleshed sweet potato by a minimum of thirty two slightly below poor soil condition and nearly double (83.93%) beneath higher condition (Stathers et al. 2005). higher sweet potato root quality was discovered at optimum quantity of N provide particularly through organic sources (Nedunchezhiyan et al., 2003).
There's a lack of knowledge in south western Nigeria on acceptable fertiliser kind and variety of nodes on vascular plant cutting for the assembly of OFSP. this can be needed to fine tune the assembly technology needed for giant scale production of this crop. This study was conducted to judge the consequences of variety of nodes per vascular plant cuttings and fertiliser sorts on the performance of OFSP.
The gross experimental space was 1034 money supply and was divided into 5 replicates every measured forty seven m x three.6 m every replicate was divided into twelve plots creating a complete of half dozen0 plots. The plot size was three m x3.6 m and contained fifty five plants spaced out at ninety cm x thirty cm. knowledge assortment commenced four weeks once planting (WAP). 3 plants per plot were labeled for activity of growth, tuber yield and biological process qualities. Parameters assessed ar proportion maturation, vascular plant length, variety of secondary vascular plant, leaf area, variety of flowers, tuber weight/hectare and tuber biological process qualities. knowledge collected were subjected to analysis of variance and treatment suggests that were separated victimisation dancer Multiple vary take a look at at five-hitter likelihood level.

Winged Nuts Have Benefits and are Good for Health

Winged Nuts Have Benefits and are Good for Health
If you are a vegetable lover or maybe also a vegetarian, then this vegetable is worth a try. Besides being quite easy to get on the market, the benefits are also very much for health. As quoted, that winged beans have at least 5 benefits that are very good for your health, among others
1. Low in calories Winged beans are a low-calorie vegetable. It is estimated that 100 grams of winged bean contains about 49 calories and it is also rich in fiber so it is very good for you who are on a diet.
2. Healthy fats The body still needs fat to maintain hormonal balance and metabolism, and winged beans can provide a healthy intake of fat. These winged nuts have a variety of saturated fats, mono-saturated fats, and polyunsaturated fats, all of which are needed by the body.
3. Rich in folic acid, proximate analysis of winged bean, If you are pregnant, it is best to eat all foods rich in folate, including winged bean. Folate is needed in DNA synthesis and cell division, also prevents pregnancy defects and maintains the healthy development of the fetus.
4. Source of vitamins If you are looking for vegetables that can supplement your daily vitamin needs, then winged bean is one of them. This is because winged bean is rich in vitamins C and A as a powerful antioxidant and can maintain body immunity and prevent DNA damage. It also contains vitamins B and E which can maintain body vitality, mood, and energy.
5. High in protein Winged bean is also rich in protein, even as much as soy. So, if you are on a diet and want to get enough energy, you can consume winged bean to meet the needs of vegetable protein.
6. Rich in calcium In addition to vitamins, winged bean also has several important minerals, one of which is calcium and phosphorus. Both minerals are needed by the body to maintain bone and tooth density, and also help meet energy needs when you are sick. So, that was a healthy content in winged vegetable.
Although it is not as popular as other vegetables, winged bean can be used as a reference for vegetables that are worth consuming, Ladies. If you are confused about how to make winged peanuts, just cut according to taste and just boil it, it can be eaten as a vegetable or soup. His figure is slim and elongated. The color is just interesting, deep purple all over the body. Other types of winged fruit are purple. Typically the fruit of Psophocarpus tetragonolobus is bright green. The purple color signifies anthocyanin-rich bean chips (Greek anthos means flower, and cyanos means blue), one type of antioxidant to build immune systems. Another advantage of new winged bean is early.
Winged bean first harvest at the age of 80 days after planting. In fact, other winged bean harvests at the age of 4 months. The new wing bean productivity is up to 7 tons per hectare. Botor or winged bean varieties of blackish color coded. Purple winged breeders are from the Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Institute of Agriculture. Urban agriculture. Winged melody productive up to 2 years. Therefore, plants need a stake for strong propagation. Although it produces purple, melodies and ciphers remain fresh green.
In addition to melodic varieties, Rifai also planted dragon bean, aka winged varieties of fairuz. "Fairuz is relatively more easily accepted in the market because the pods are still green," said Rifai. According to Syukur, the fairuz potential reached 7.82 tons of young pods per ha. Prime harvest is fairuz at the age of plants 73-75 days after planting. Another gratitude target is urban agriculture activists. Winged pancarona suitable to beautify the yard of the house as well as improve homeowners. Compare with local winged bean, plants thrive and tendrils that spread in all directions. However, fruit production is limited. Rifai boiled the melodies and made sure the purple color did not fade. That means the melody contains insoluble anthocyanins, which are the opposite of purple spinach. melodies quickly bear fruit and are pithy.
"The leaves are also small, not lush like a local winged bean," said Rifai. He harvests young pods of winged melodies at the age of 73 days after planting. He harvests the seeds need an additional 1.5 months until the fruit is dry. Every week the 46-year-old man harvests 2 kg of young leguminous vegetables and winged bean seeds. According to Syukur, the potential for melody production reached 6,198 tons of young pods per hectare.

Magazine is a Media that is Often Consumed by Individual

Magazine is a print media that is often consumed by every individual
Newspapers began to be produced since the invention of the printing press by Johanes Gutenberg in the mid-1400s. Newspaper or commonly referred to as this newspaper is one of the print media that is often used by every individual in obtaining various information both domestically and abroad. Newspaper understanding from the Dutch language is Krant, from French courant. Newspaper or newspaper is a light and discarded publication, usually printed on low-cost paper called newspaper. Newspapers contain the latest news published on various topics.
Topics that are loaded can be political events, criminalization, sports, editorials, weather, economy, advertising, vacancies, etc. Besides newspapers also can contain comics, TTS and other entertainment. While the owner of a newspaper is usually called the publisher and the person responsible for the contents of the newspaper is called the editor. In general, major challenges facing the newspaper today and newspapers are published every day except holidays. There are also weekly newspapers, usually smaller and less prestigious than those that are published daily (more entertainment). Basically the number of copies of newspapers sold every day is referred to as circulation, the circulation here is used to regulate advertising prices which will later be published in the newspaper.
One newspaper that has at least one national newspaper, where it is published in all parts of the country. The longer the development of technology has developed very rapidly. With the development of technology such as computers and the internet, it allows simultaneous printing of newspapers in several places so that circulation can be faster. This is called remote printing technology. Previously, newspaper enthusiasts could not consume information earlier. Unlike today, the Dailynews editor in New York sent all of his newspaper layouts to companies outside of America. It means that the newspaper can be printed directly and can be distributed to its readers directly as well. Not only that nowadays newspapers can also be consumed through other media such as online print media. For the compass, we can get the news through the website.
Dailynews enthusiasts are made easier because through the website, they can consume news anywhere and anytime easily. Besides newspapers, magazines are also a print media that is often consumed by every individual in obtaining information. In the 1700s, periodicals were published periodically in England. That is the growing power of parliament which is allowed for the public in arguing. Several magazines about politics and literature were presented by famous writers at the time. Of course these magazines are for people who are able or rich in the UK such as traders and plantation owners. Unlike the case with people who are illiterate or poor, they tend to be unable to buy the magazine.
The magazine first appeared in Philadelphia in 1741. Bejamin Franklin was one of the figures who tried his hand in periodical publishing. But the publication of the magazine had declined (disappeared) in the revolutionary war. But after its formation in the United States, turnover from magazine publications increased periodically. But the decline in turnover usually occurs because of the limitations of those who are illiterate and expensive production techniques and in transportation costs. Exactly in 1825 about one hundred magazines were successfully published. But if we look at it from the side of the editors and writers in America at that time, some of them received very little compensation and some were not paid at all.
All that must be accepted with grace. From time to time, the development of the magazine continues to increase. Now the magazine can not only be consumed by rich people. This can be seen from the price of magazines that are relatively balanced enough (depending on the type of magazine). The magazine comes from French, which means warehouse. Where the magazine contains a collection of materials such as short stories, poetry and other items. In loading the news, the editors adjust the contents of the magazine to the interests of the audience. So that the magazine is adjusted to the audience, for example there are magazines for children, adolescents, or adults. The themes presented are also diverse, some are about the world of fashion, politics and others.